More than a decade ago, the Chinese government took a different tack.
In 2005, the then-prime minister, Wen Jiabao, set up a “people-to-people” exchange programme, with the aim of opening up jobs and fostering an entrepreneurial spirit in the Chinese countryside.
The programme has been extended since then to include China’s overseas workers, many of whom are employed by Chinese companies.
The aim is to improve the quality of life for many workers and create jobs for the local people, who are the main beneficiaries.
The scheme has been criticised by rights groups and critics.
As part of the project, the state has been providing cash incentives to companies that recruit overseas workers for a short period of time, as well as providing support for workers who want to return to their home countries.
The money will be invested in training and upgrading existing staff, while also helping to boost employment opportunities for those currently abroad.
However, the scale of the programme is still uncertain.
What do the government and the Chinese state do with workers overseas?
The number of foreign workers employed by China has doubled since 2000, and the number of people employed by the state-owned companies in China has increased by about 50% in the same period.
According to figures from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), in 2020, there were over 5.6 million Chinese working overseas, representing around 8% of the total workforce.
According, China’s National Bureau for Statistics (NBPS), the number working abroad was 7.6m in 2015.
The number employed in China’s manufacturing sector rose by 40% between 2007 and 2020, and by almost 40% in manufacturing.
The proportion of overseas workers employed in the manufacturing sector increased by almost half between 2005 and 2020.
However this number does not include foreign workers who are employed at other companies, who may be working on-site or in the production sector.
According the National Institute of Social Security and Development (NISSD), more than 50% of workers employed abroad are currently employed by domestic companies.
However the number employed at foreign companies is unknown.
The National Bureau on Statistics of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, in its 2016 report on labour conditions in China, estimated that between 2005-2016, the proportion of Chinese workers employed outside of the country rose from 12.4% to 19.3%.
According to a 2016 survey by the Institute of National Education (INED), about 40% of Chinese women were employed in overseas industries, which was up from 15.6% in 2010.
As a result, the number and size of overseas worker populations in China is expected to grow.
The increase in the number is due to a number of factors, including a growing number of Chinese migrants who want better jobs, as a result of the 2008 financial crisis.
Furthermore, China has a huge population of migrant workers, who have migrated to the country from abroad to take advantage of the economic boom.
According a 2016 study by the National Research Center for International Economic Studies (NRCIS), a research centre at the China Institute of International Studies, there are currently about 6.5 million migrant workers in China.
The migrant workers are mainly from the Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines.
According TOKYO TIMES, the numbers of workers in the domestic labour market increased by 20% between 2008 and 2016.
The labour market is expected the growth rate of foreign labour will continue to increase due to the economic growth and job opportunities, according to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
However, more than a quarter of the Chinese workers in domestic industries are employed in unskilled jobs, which have been identified as the most vulnerable to economic slowdown.
In 2017, the NDRC also reported that there were around 3.6 billion foreign workers in their labor market, which means that the domestic labor market will continue its expansion.
What is the legal status of foreign working in China?
The majority of foreign-born workers in Chinese manufacturing industries are citizens, but not all are legal permanent residents.
The Chinese labour laws define the legal residency status of workers as “legal permanent residents”.
In 2017 the Ministry for Labor and Social Affairs (LMSA) estimated that there are around 8.5 billion foreign nationals in China; however, only around 7.5% of these are legal residents.
According Chinese legal experts, there is no law requiring foreign nationals to be registered as legal permanent resident in China and their status in China varies depending on the circumstances of their residence in the country.
The status of Chinese citizens also differs from country to country.
A 2016 survey of more than 1,500 Chinese nationals by the Centre for Chinese Law and International Studies (CCLIS) found that, out of 1,639 Chinese nationals, only 6% reported their citizenship to be Chinese, compared to 16% of all Chinese citizens.
According CLIS, many foreign nationals are not even registered as Chinese citizens and can only be legally registered as “unlawful permanent residents